Irrigation was another problem common to all and important because no kind of farming waspossible without it. Thomas Judd is given credit in histories of the Dixie area in Utah forengineering a number of irrigation projects. William A. Terry was also instrumental in workingout the system that has been used with some changes to the present day. With each purchase ofland each purchaser also bought shares in one or more of the two irrigation streams, Lund andHome Ranch, according to the location of his fields. An irrigation company was formed that held regular meetings to take care of administrative problems and work out a schedule for waterturns that would be fair to all. One member was designated as "water master" to take care of thesecretarial duties for a small fee. As has been described in another section part of the Lundstream was taken out for home lots and gardens. Field turns were on a twenty-four hour scheduleso each farmer had to spend part of his time irrigating at night. Irrigating with a large stream ishard, exacting work at best. Sometimes a turn lasted several days and nights and when, as oftenhappened, two streams came at the same time, the pressure was extreme.

In Nevada mining has always taken precedence over agriculture so, for a number of years,Nevada Consolidated Copper and later Kennecott controlled the Water Canyon stream but madeno use of it. At length Oliver Peacock and his sons filed a claim for its use. This, with the springhigh water from Rowe and Eph creeks that flow into it, waters considerable acreage betweenLund and Preston that was once brushland. Joe Peacock and Van Gardner use this stream today.

Some, with fields on the west side also had shares in the White River stream which was under the Preston Irrigation Company. With years of drought White River dwindled until it could not be depended on and was only useful for an occasional bonus at spring runoff time. Tosupplement the existing water supply and also bring new land under production pumping wellswere drilled. George Terry made an attempt to dig an artesian well with horses and a scraper athis west side White River field about 1915. He got a flow of water but the idea was soonabandoned perhaps because the pumps used then were not as efficient as they are today. Lafayette Carter states that in 1941 he had the first well drilled and cased. After that a greatnumber of wells were drilled in the Valley not only in the Lund and Preston fields but quite anumber in the Cove area. Also considerable brush land between Lund and Preston is now undercultivation because of pump wells. One of the most modern of these is a new field on thehighway east of Preston where a sprinkling system has been installed by Eddie Mangumoperating the Glen Lane ranch.

Also about this time the people began tp dig or drill wells for culinary water. In the beginning they had all used water from the main stream. This was pure at the source but livestock roamed freely and some of the corrals were located along the border of the stream so, to make the best of the situation, they dipped their supply of water early in the morning when it wascomparatively clear. One duty of the water master was to turn the water into the lot irrigationditches for an hour early in the morning to give the people who were not on the main stream anopportunity to get their water.

Their wood-burning kitchen ranges were made with a reservoir by the oven. This served as awater heater and several trips with two large buckets were required to fill it each morning. The inevitable teakettle on top of the stove, with its cheerful hum, was filled as the water was used forcooking or whatever. Various receptacles were filled with water for drinking and general use andone of these was likely to be a large wooden barrel set outside in a shady spot and wrapped withburlap that was kept wet to take advantage of any cooling breeze. A dipper hanging nearby washandy if not sanitary. One such barrel became an institution. It stood in the shade of the trees onthe south side of the Harrison home across the street from the church and school and since noprovision was made for water at the school, recess found a line of eager children awaiting theirturn for the dipper.

Windmills were used to pump the water from the first culinary wells as well as livestockwatering wells both in the pastures and on the range and a few attempts at irrigation wells. Butthe people soon found that the wind didn't blow as much, or at least as predictably as they hadthought so they turned first to gasoline or diesel fuel and eventually many to electricity. Somefew windmills, especially for the livestock wells, have continued in use and perhaps the searchfor more and cheaper forms of energy will result in an increase in their use.

Another modern innovation was cementing most of the canal through Lund. This was alsoattempted for the Home Ranch stream in the fields but when this didn't hold up a pipeline wasinstalled which is still under construction. A plan under consideration at the present time is topipe all the irrigation water including the home lot water, but this would probably involve agovernment grant and at this point is merely a matter for discussion. At one time a proposal wasmade to drill in the area of the Lund spring to try to increase the flow. This was voted down because some considered it too risky but in 1978 a phenomenon occurred which to my knowledge has not been explained. There was a sudden noticeable increase in the flow of water from the spring. For the eighty years of which we have record the stream had remained at much the same level although during times of drouth it did not always water the same acreage adequately. This increase, whether caused by a rise in the underground water level or the release of an untapped source by the drilling of wells nearby has remained at a high level through the1979 season.

Hay, grain and potatoes continued to be the important crops in the Valley which is more orless true even today so it is fitting that a part of this section on industries should review methodsand development of each.