A frequent criticism of rural and small town living is that the people are "culturally deprived." The early Lund pioneers were so busy raising gardens, beautifying their yards, furnishing theirhomes, making quilts, rugs and handwork, reading, writing, painting, dancing, singing programsthat required dramatic as well as musical skills, vocal and instrumental, that they didn't knowthey were deprived.

Most of the residents at various times had opportunities to view professional dramatic and musical performances, arts and crafts exhibits, architectural beauty, etc., usually in Salt Lake City, so they were not unacquainted with excellence in the arts. Brigham Young's encouragement of art in all its forms is very well known. The Tabernacle Choir very early established a standard of excellence that has not been surpassed. The Old Salt Lake Theater was established early in the history of Utah and in addition to the encouragement of local drama, dramatic and lecture circuits such as Orpheum, Pantages and Chautauqua included Salt Lake City in their itineraries. The Temple and the Tabernacle were examples of early emphasis on architectural art as were the Hotel Utah and other public buildings and the many residential mansions that are being restored today as a pioneer heritage for future generations. But more important to the scattered Mormon settlements was Brigham Young's encouragement of the development of individual talents that remained with the people after he was gone and spread as the colonies branched out.

So the early settlers of White River Valley were richly endowed with native talents that found expression in a number of ways. The church, the school and small town self-dependence were all factors in providing opportunities. The many cultural and educational programs offered by the different church auxiliaries were of great importance in developing these talents. The small schools, considered by some to be a drawback, were in many ways conducive to this development. A program, a chorus, a dramatic presentation required participation by everyone so everyone had the opportunity to find his particular forte. Also settlement in towns rather than scattered widely on ranch properties was fortunate (or wisely planned) for situations where interchange and sharing talents was desirable, especially before telephones, good roads and cars made communication comparatively easy.

I will begin the discussion of these talents in this history of Lund with homemaking skills and crafts because in the natural scheme of things these usually have first priority although in actuality no activity had absolute precedence and from the beginning they all played a part in the lives of these early pioneers.